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Reading a comperhemsion and answering qusetions قراءة وفهم قطعة وحل الأسئلة الموضوعة عليها

Reading a comperhemsion and answering qusetions قراءة وفهم قطعة وحل الأسئلة الموضوعة عليها 

1. Read the following passage, then answer the questions:     

Reading a comperhemsion and answering qusetions قراءة وفهم قطعة وحل الأسئلة الموضوعة عليها


          During the last fifty years, psychologists have made us believe that differences between men and women are mainly due to the way we are brought up. According to this theory, women can be trained to do jobs that men traditionally do, and men can and should become more domesticated. They should be more communicative and emotional.

          But two new books say that, according to recent scientific research, gender differences exist because men’s and women’s brains work completely differently and their biological differences mean that they can never think or behave in the same way. Because the two sides of a woman’s brain are better connected, women are generally more talkative and more fluent than men. Women solve problems by talking about them, and in a crisis, they usually want to discuss the situation and their feelings, while men tend to interrupt and offer solutions, which isn’t what women want at all. Men themselves don’t like asking for advice or discussing their problems – they try to solve their problems themselves by thinking about them silently. This fundamental difference is one of the main causes of conflict in male – female relationships.

          Although some jobs today are still dominated by one or the other sex, it is not because of sexual distinction, but basically because men and women are attracted to different jobs. It is logical that men are attracted to careers where spatial skills are vital, such as engineering, architecture, construction and flying. Also men are far more attracted than women to jobs which involve risk, such as the stock market or racing. On the other hand, women’s superior verbal skills explain why interpreters and foreign language teachers are mainly women. They are attracted to professions that require verbal ability, e.g. writing, acting, journalism and counseling.  They also excel in jobs that require good organizational

skills.

A. Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d:                                                                       

1. What do women discuss while trying to overcome a crisis? 

a. The situation not their feelings        b. The situation and their feelings           

c. The situation only                              d. Their feelings only      

2. Which of the following requires verbal ability? 

a. Journalism       b. Architecture      c. Engineering         d. Racing      

3. Women are better with words because …………….. . 

a. they are biologically prepared to do that    b. they speak less than men           

c. this is the way they are brought up        d. they like talking      

4. The underlined word “them” refers to ………………………………. . 

a. men                               b. women           

c. problems                      d. differences

       B. Answer the following questions:    

5. Mention one of the main differences between men and women.

The two sides of a woman’s brain are better connected; women are generally more talkative and more fluent than men

6. Why do you think men like stock market and racing more than women do?

7. How do you think men can solve their problems? 

By thinking about their solutions and asking help from their friends

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